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112 discharged German manufactured stripper clips found at a mass execution site

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

112 discharged stripper clips, with the contemporary archeological bag used for transport, recovered in 2005 by Yahad-In Unum at a mass execution site in Khvativ, a small village in the Lvivska province of Ukraine. Stripper clips contain five to ten cartridges and accelerate the loading process of an infantry or semi-automatic rifle. Two clips in this selection have a code identifying the German manufacturer. In September 1939, not long after the invasion of Poland by Nazi Germany, the Lvivska province was occupied by the Soviet Union under the terms of the German-Soviet Pact. In late June 1941, Germany launched Operation Barbarossa, a surprise attack on Russia. The military assault was coordinated with killing squads whose goal was the Final Solution, the elimination of all Jews from the conquered territories. With the assistance of trained collaborators and local populace, the goal was achieved through deportations to killing centers and mass executions throughout the region. The lack of adequate rail transport meant that many villages had killing fields where the Jews were shot and buried in huge ditches, along with the bullets and other evidence. Through interviews with the remaining eyewitnesses, Yahad-In Unum locates and documents these remains of a Holocaust by bullets and offers respectful remembrance for the fallen.

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Details

  • Title: 112 discharged German manufactured stripper clips found at a mass execution site
  • Location: Ukraine--History--German occupation, 1941-1944.
  • Provenance: The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Father Patrick Desbois on behalf of Yahad-in Unum.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Ukraine. Genocide--Ukraine. Jews--Persecutions--Ukraine. Mass murder--Ukraine. World War, 1939-1945--Atrocities--Ukraine--Lvivska oblast.
  • Type: Weapons
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: The letter components in this record have been assigned for cataloging purposes only. a. 112 discharged rectangular stel alloy chargers with significant orange rust and corrosion. They vary in size from fragments, to partially intact, to fully intact, and average 2.250 inches in height, 0.500 inches in width, and 0.125 inches in depth. A few have a rectangular tab folded over the spring, a raised, rectangular back piece, and 3 raised rectangles on the sides. The majority lack a rectangular front spring and have 2 small holes on the back. One clip has an engraved P on the back identifying the manufacturer, Polte Armaturen-und Maschinenfabrik OHG, Magdeburg, Germany. One other clip has an engraved P 39 on the back, for the same manufacturer and the year, 1939. b. Rectangular, white polypropylene sack with a hemmed top opening and a reinforced, double stitched closed bottom. One side has handwritten text in black marker and a preprinted black recycling label. The reverse has a red preprinted manufacturer’s logo. Dimensions: 20.250 inches height; 13.250 inches width.

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