The reliable 1858 .44 Caliber Cap and Ball Remington Revolver was one of the weapons of choice used by the 7th US Cavalry and Plains Indians. It jammed infrequently and could be re-loaded quickly. During the Civil War, it became a favorite firearm and prized possession of officers and soldiers. This pistol was carried throughout the Plains Indians Wars by members of the US Cavalry.
The Cheyenne Indians may have collected such a weapon from raids on settlers, stage coach stations and wagon trains, or they might have specifically selected this revolver from a stockpile of weapons offered as annuities by agents of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. At the Battle of the Washita on November 27, 1868 this model of gun saw action on both sides.