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US Army Victory Medal, two ribbon bars and presentation box awarded to a Czech Jewish refugee 2009.364.3a back, World War II Victory Medal, Tom T. Kovary

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Victory Medal, ribbon bars, and box issued to Tom (Tibor) Kovary for service in the United States Army from 1943-1946. On September 2, 1939, nineteen year old Tibor Kovari and his twenty year old brother, Erno, were attacked on the street for being Jewish by Nazi sympathizers in their hometown, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. They fought back, put their attackers in the hospital, and were arrested, along with their father, Olivio. The incident received such widespread publicity that the authorities advised them to flee for fear of retaliation. They illegally crossed the border into Hungary, where they obtained visas for the US, arriving in New York on February 29, 1940. Both brothers joined the US Army: Tom was in Military Intelligence stateside; Ernest in combat, landing with the infantry on D-Day. He searched for surviving relatives, but found only one cousin, a survivor of Auschwitz death camp.

Victory Medal, ribbon bars, and box issued to Tom (Tibor) Kovary for service in the United States Army from 1943-1946. On September 2, 1939, nineteen year old Tibor Kovari and his twenty year old brother, Erno, were attacked on the street for being Jewish by Nazi sympathizers in their hometown, Bratislava, Czechoslovakia. They fought back, put their attackers in the hospital, and were arrested, along with their father, Olivio. The incident received such widespread publicity that the authorities advised them to flee for fear of retaliation. They illegally crossed the border into Hungary, where they obtained visas for the US, arriving in New York on February 29, 1940. Both brothers joined the US Army: Tom was in Military Intelligence stateside; Ernest in combat, landing with the infantry on D-Day. He searched for surviving relatives, but found only one cousin, a survivor of Auschwitz death camp.

Details

  • Title: US Army Victory Medal, two ribbon bars and presentation box awarded to a Czech Jewish refugee 2009.364.3a back, World War II Victory Medal, Tom T. Kovary
  • Provenance: The medal was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2009 by Myra and Vally Kovary, the daughters of Tom T. Kovary., The medal was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2009 by Myra and Vally Kovary, the daughters of Tom T. Kovary.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Bratislava--Personal narratives. Jews--Persecutions--Czechoslovakia. Jewish refugees--United States. Jewish soldiers--United States--Biography. Soldiers--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--United States., Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czechoslovakia--Bratislava--Personal narratives. Jews--Persecutions--Czechoslovakia. Jewish refugees--United States. Jewish soldiers--United States--Biography. Soldiers--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--United States.
  • Type: Military Insignia, Military Insignia
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: a. Circular bronze medal attached to a ribbon. Obverse has an embossed figure of Liberation, standing with her head turned right, looking to the dawn of a new day. Her right foot rests on a war god’s helmet; her right hand holds the hilt of a broken sword; the broken blade is in her left hand;.embossed text flanks the figure. The reverse has a palm branch horizontally across the center, with embossed text above and below, and around the edge. The ribbon has the following stripes. left to right: double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues), white, red, white, double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues). There is a ring and suspension ring attached to the top of the medal and a metal tension pin on the back of the ribbon to attach it to the board in the presentation box (c). b. Rectangular bar ribbon with the following stripes, left to right: double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues), white, red, white, double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues). The ribbon is wrapped around a rectangular piece of metal with a tension pin on the back. c. Rectangular bar ribbon with the following stripes from left to right: double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues), white, red, white, double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues). The ribbon is wrapped around a rectangular piece of metal with a tension pin on the back. d. Rectangular cardboard box base and lid covered by blue textured paper. The interior is lined with a felt-like blue paper, with a blue piece of board in the bottom that can be pulled out with the top half-circle tab. The medal attaches to this board., a. Circular bronze medal attached to a ribbon. Obverse has an embossed figure of Liberation, standing with her head turned right, looking to the dawn of a new day. Her right foot rests on a war god’s helmet; her right hand holds the hilt of a broken sword; the broken blade is in her left hand;.embossed text flanks the figure. The reverse has a palm branch horizontally across the center, with embossed text above and below, and around the edge. The ribbon has the following stripes. left to right: double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues), white, red, white, double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues). There is a ring and suspension ring attached to the top of the medal and a metal tension pin on the back of the ribbon to attach it to the board in the presentation box (c). b. Rectangular bar ribbon with the following stripes, left to right: double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues), white, red, white, double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues). The ribbon is wrapped around a rectangular piece of metal with a tension pin on the back. c. Rectangular bar ribbon with the following stripes from left to right: double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues), white, red, white, double rainbow (blues, greens, yellows, reds, yellows, greens, and blues). The ribbon is wrapped around a rectangular piece of metal with a tension pin on the back. d. Rectangular cardboard box base and lid covered by blue textured paper. The interior is lined with a felt-like blue paper, with a blue piece of board in the bottom that can be pulled out with the top half-circle tab. The medal attaches to this board.

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