European virtual fortress was formed when the Schengen Agreement was signed in 1985. Recently the fortress started to be fragile, mainly because of the migrant crisis. In 2015, there are more than 1 million migrants entering Europe; it is more than four times from the previous year. The European countries are really in a crisis, while there is a mass movement towards the dream countries.
Some countries started to re-build the fences to repress the insistence of refugees, commonly from the countries with continuous wars. Thousands of them have died, drowning in the Mediterranean Sea leading to Greece or Italy.
In the northern French city of Calais, there are more than 4 thousands refugees in parks with only plastic tents surviving, trying to cross over to England. In the border between Greece and Macedonia, there has been built fences with more than 10 thousands refugees building their simple tents around it.
In this installation, Fortress Europe is to be interpreted by perforated walls, consisting of brick piles having apertures. These brick apertures reflect the junk space or the remaining space between the buildings, between the cityscape, city terraces, or city gardens. These apertures later are expected to be filled by the public to design the maximum way to fit the refugees who can occupy these apertures. In the middle of this installation, there are several models of designs from 23 Indonesian architects offering tem- porary solutions for temporary shelter for the transit countries or social housing proposals for destination countries.
This temporary shelter is not only able to answer the cold and extreme climate challenge, later it can also give segregation for the refugees between families, men, and women. This is very important since 99% of the refugees are Moslem, so that there are some proposals to accommodate them with
specific public spaces to be used for worship or other social activities. Some other designs are the social housing design, which can accommodate the asylum seekers as well as can offer the specific spaces for common interest. This social housing is specified for the asylum seekers in destination coun- tries, such as Germany, Switzerland, England, and others.
This Social Housing is a motivational work since the immigrants are not fully accepted socially by the public. Thus, this social housing design is very thought provoking, because there must be certain programs given to it as a device for acculturation. In European countries, they commonly have a housing standard, but for these immigrants, it is necessary to create a housing standard with new specific programs with very diverse and unique immigrant characteristics.
This exhibition is a positive step for Indonesian architects, as the biggest Moslem country in the world, to contribute their thoughts in the migrant crisis in Europe. At last, architecture becomes the device for humanizing humanity.