In the second Biennial in 1989 the concept of “Contemporary Art in Traditional Spaces” came to maturation. St. Irene, The Treasury of Hagia Sophia, Hadrian’s Cistern and one of the adjunct buildings of the Suleymaniye Mosque were used as exhibition sites. Among the participants who created works in situ, there were Sol LeWitt, Sarkis, Daniel Buren, Richard Long, Jannis Kounellis, Anne and Patrick Poirier, and artists from Turkey. There were also group exhibitions from Germany, Austria, Italy, Spain, Yugoslavia, Greece, the U.S.S.R and Turkey. Istanbul’s galleries participated in the Biennial in their respective spaces.