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6 cards with 24 mother-of-pearl buttons saved from a Jewish owned factory and given to a survivor 50 years later

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Six cards of mother-of-pearl buttons, 24 per card, totalling a gross, 144, presented to Rose Galek Brunswic in 1987 by the son of a former employee in her father's factory in Sochocin, Poland. Marceli Kochanowski's mother had saved the buttons which she had helped make in Moshe Galek's factory before the war. In November 1940, a year after the German occupation of Poland in September 1939, Raszka (Rose), her parents Moshe and Fela, and her younger sisters Deana and Sala were confined to the Warsaw ghetto. In April 1943, Raszka’s parents were shot as she watched and her sisters deported to a concentration camp and presumed killed. Raszka escaped and went into hiding. A resistance member, Jan Majewski, helped her obtain false papers as a Polish Catholic, Maria Kowalczyk. In June, she was sent as a forced laborer to a farm in Krummhardt, Germany. Raszka was liberated by US forces in April 1945. She moved to Stuttgart displaced persons camp and emigrated to the United States in 1947.

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Details

  • Title: 6 cards with 24 mother-of-pearl buttons saved from a Jewish owned factory and given to a survivor 50 years later
  • Location: Poland--History--Occupation, 1939-1945 .
  • Provenance: The mother-of-pearl buttons were donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by Rose Brunswic, the daughter of Moshe Galek.
  • Subject Keywords: Forced labor--Germany--Biography. Holocaust survivors--United States--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives. Jews--Poland--Biography. Women foreign workers--Germany--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Conscript labor--Germany--Personal narratives, Jewish.
  • Type: Dress Accessories
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Stack of 6 small, rectangular cardboard cards with 24 iridescent mother of pearl buttons with 2 holes, .250 inches in diameter, sewn to the cards in 6 close rows of 4. The card tops are covered with a sheet of tin foil and tied together with red thread. The bottom card is inscribed.

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