This is a pendant to "Modern Rome" and shows the most famous ancient monuments in the city. It was painted for Count de Stainville, later the Duke de Choiseul, who is shown in the center with a guidebook in hand. Panini shows himself behind the chair. The figures are admiring a copy of the "Aldobrandini Wedding"—one of the most admired ancient frescoes. The Pantheon, the Coliseum, Trajan's column, the Farnese Hercules, and the Laocoön can be readily identified.