Bible (Main View (.505v) / book image source)


The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

Monks, angels, and musicians depicted within scrolling vines fill the margins of this Bible made in Bologna in the late 1200s. This city is the site of a thriving university founded in 1221, and the institution created a great demand for manuscript production. Representations of Dominican monks and saints important to the Dominican order appear throughout the pages of this manuscript, suggesting that it was probably made for a Dominican community. In the first half of the thirteenth century, the Dominicans undertook several revisions of the Vulgate--Saint Jerome's fifth-century Latin translation of the Bible--of which this is one edition. Corrections appear in the margins of this copy of the Bible indicating that it was carefully checked for accuracy after its completion.


  • Title: Bible (Main View (.505v) / book image source)
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: about 1280–1290
  • Location Created: Bologna, Emilia-Romagna, Italy
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 37.5 × 24.8 cm (14 3/4 × 9 3/4 in.)
  • Type: Manuscript
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment bound between pasteboard covered with modern red velvet
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.MA.60
  • Culture: Italian
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig I 11
  • Creator Display Name: Unknown
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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