Provenance: Commissioned by the sitter, then by inheritance in the Altoviti family, Rome and later Florence; sold November 1808 via Johann Metzger to Ludwig I, King of Bavaria [1786 1868]; presented to the Alte Pinakothek, Munich; traded September 1938 to (Thos. Agnew and Sons, Ltd., London); sold October 1938 to (Duveen Brothers, Inc., London, New York, and Paris); sold 1940 to the Samuel H. Kress Foundation, New York; gift 1943 to NGA.
 The complete provenance of this painting is described in David Alan Brown and Jane Van Nimmen, Raphael & the Beautiful Banker, New Haven and London, 2005.
 Regarding deaccessions from the Pinakothek, see also Jonathan Petropoulos, The Faustian Bargain, Oxford, 2000: 31+.
 The painting is listed in the General Stock Book of Duveen Brothers that covers the period 1 June 1937 to April 1941 (copy in NGA curatorial files; Duveen Brothers Records, Accession No. 960015, Getty Research Institute, Los Angeles, Reel 66, Box 186).