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Black and white tweed patterned wool knit hat brought to the US by a German Jewish refugee

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Tweed wool ribbed knit hat brought by Karl Weiler to the United States when he left Nazi Germany in December 1937. Karl lost his position as an assistant judge in March 1933 when the new Nazi government purged the civil service of Jews and passed a law to that effect April 7 with the first Aryan only qualification clause. Karl rejoined the family agricultural firm in Brakel. Anti-Jewish pressures increased and, in May 1936, the firm’s board of directors was forced to sell the business at a loss to a Nazi approved buyer. In December 1937, Karl left for the US. After the war ended in May 1945, he learned that his parents, Fritz and Ella, had been deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in 1942, then in 1944 to Auschwitz killing center where they were murdered. His sister, Mathilde Fodor, had been deported from Budapest, Hungary, in November 1944 to Lichtenworth concentration camp where she died of starvation. Her husband, Joszi, and son, Karoly, survived.

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Details

  • Title: Black and white tweed patterned wool knit hat brought to the US by a German Jewish refugee
  • Location: Germany--Emigration and immigration--Biography. United States--Emigration and immigration--Biography.
  • Provenance: The hat was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Judy Gartner and Susan Oberfeld, the daughters of Carl and Mina Kaufmann Weiler.
  • Subject Keywords: Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. Jews--Germany--History--20th century. Jews--Persecutions--Germany--Biography.
  • Type: Dress Accessories
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Black and white tweed patterned wool yarn hat knit in rib stitch with a rounded top, a low straight forehead, and long straight sides that cover the ears and neck.

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