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Black cloth cap owned by a German Jewish refugee to Shanghai

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Black cloth collapsible cap that belonged to Peter Victor, who lived as a Jewish refugee from Berlin to Shanghai, China, from 1938-1947. Peter, age 18, left to escape the anti-Jewish policies of the Nazi-led government in 1938. His parents, Carl and Elsa, arrived in Shanghai in 1939. Carl died in 1940 and Elsa in 1942. Shanghai was liberated by the United States Army on September 3, 1945. With the aid of the American Joint Distribution Committee, Peter emigrated to America in December 1947.

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Details

  • Title: Black cloth cap owned by a German Jewish refugee to Shanghai
  • Location: United States--Emigration and immigration--Biography.
  • Provenance: The cap was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Arleen Tievsky, as executor of the Estate of Peter Victor.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--China--Shanghai--Personal narratives. Jewish families--Germany--Berlin--Biography. Jewish refugees--China--Shanghai--Biography. Jews--China--Shanghai--History--20th century. World War, 1939-1945--Refugees--China--Shanghai--Personal narratives, Jewish.
  • Type: Dress Accessories
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Oval black cloth cap with hemmed edges. The upper edges of the collapsible cap extend slightly above the crown.

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