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Blue armband with red and white stripes and a royal coat of arms medallion worn by a Danish resistance fighter

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Blue armband with a red and white striped ribbon and a medallion issued to Mogens Kofod-Hansen, a Danish resistance fighter, on May 4 or 5, 1945, the final days of the German occupation. The armbands suddenly appeared throughout Denmark, issued by the Danish Freedom Council, the unofficial government-in-exile. The armbands were meant to turn the underground fighters into a legitimate army because, under the Geneva Convention, resistance members could be considered guerillas and executed on the spot by the Germans. Denmark was occupied by Germany on April 9, 1940. The Danes were allowed to retain control of civil affairs, until the Germans declared martial law on August 29, 1943. The Danish Freedom Council was formed that September to coordinate the resistance movement. German forces in Denmark surrendered on May 5, 1945. Mogens was a courier during the Jewish rescue operations in September 1943 and also traveled to Sweden to deliver vital information to the British military during the war.

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Details

  • Title: Blue armband with red and white stripes and a royal coat of arms medallion worn by a Danish resistance fighter
  • Location: Denmark--History--German occupation, 1940-1945.
  • Provenance: The armband was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1995 by Mogens Kofod-Hansen.
  • Subject Keywords: Anti-Nazi movement--Denmark--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Denmark--Personal narratives, Danish. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--Denmark--Personal narratives. Journalists--Denmark--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Underground movements--Denmark--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Blue wool rectangular armband with a red wool stripe with a white cloth ribbon sewn horizontally across the center. A circular silver colored metal medal has 3 triangulated holes through which it is stitched with black thread to the center of the stripe. Embossed on the medal is the royal coat of arms of Christian V, 3 left facing lions passant with 3 hearts above each, arranged vertically within a shield. The band is double stitched together at the short ends; all edge are unfinished.

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