Blue armband with a red and white striped ribbon and a medallion issued to Mogens Kofod-Hansen, a Danish resistance fighter, on May 4 or 5, 1945, the final days of the German occupation. The armbands suddenly appeared throughout Denmark, issued by the Danish Freedom Council, the unofficial government-in-exile. The armbands were meant to turn the underground fighters into a legitimate army because, under the Geneva Convention, resistance members could be considered guerillas and executed on the spot by the Germans. Denmark was occupied by Germany on April 9, 1940. The Danes were allowed to retain control of civil affairs, until the Germans declared martial law on August 29, 1943. The Danish Freedom Council was formed that September to coordinate the resistance movement. German forces in Denmark surrendered on May 5, 1945. Mogens was a courier during the Jewish rescue operations in September 1943 and also traveled to Sweden to deliver vital information to the British military during the war.