Bodhidarma under Pine Tree

Inscription by Issan IchineiKamakura period, 14th century

Tokyo National Museum

Tokyo National Museum

Daruma (Ch: Damo) is the founder of the Zen (Ch: Chan) school of Buddhism. He is traditionally believed to have come to China from the West and meditated facing the wall for nine years at the Shaolin Temple. Although the refined expression of the face and the lines of the drapery folds in the garment are a demonstration of the painter's skill, the rocks are painted rather artlessly, and the clouds in the background are expressed with contour lines. These factors indicate that it was painted in the early stage of the introduction of suiboku-ga (water-ink painting). Issan Ichinei (–1317) is a monk from Gen (Ch: Yuan) who arrived in Japan in Shōan 1 (1299). The time of production is thought to be the early fourteenth century.

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  • Title: Bodhidarma under Pine Tree
  • Creator: Inscription by Issan Ichinei
  • Date Created: Kamakura period, 14th century
  • Physical Dimensions: w508 x h1008 mm
  • Object Title: 松下達摩図
  • Object Notes(Japanese): 達磨は禅宗の初祖。西方から中国に渡来し、少林寺で九年間、面壁坐禅(めんぺきざぜん)したという。熟達した顔貌表現や衣文線にすぐれた技量が窺えるにもかかわらず、岩の描写に稚拙さが目立ち、背後の雲を輪郭線で描出するところは、水墨画導入の初期段階にあることを示す。一山一寧(1317没)は正安元年(1299)に来朝した元の僧。制作年代は14世紀初頭と推定される。
  • Object Date: 鎌倉時代・14世紀
  • Medium(Japanese): 絹本墨画淡彩
  • Artist Name: 一山一寧賛
  • Type: Painting
  • External Link: http://www.emuseum.jp/detail/100313
  • Medium: Ink and light color on silk