The evolution of Chinese Buddhist sculpture from archaic and columnar to fleshy and sensuous reached its culmination in the Tang dynasty, by which time Chinese Buddhist sculpture in the round shows a masterful adaptation of foreign Indian style to indigenous traditions. The finest Tang sculptures are voluptuous and tactile, their sumptuous garments carved to accentuate the contours of the body, with flowing scarves and clinging ropes of beads to emphasize its curves.
This torso, adorned in a simple skirt with a scarf across the chest and a long, elaborate necklace, represents a bodhisattva attendant to the Buddha, one of a class of divine beings who put off their own final nirvana to help humankind on the path to enlightenment. The pronounced tribhanga pose, with the left knee slightly bent; the fleshy, volumetric treatment of the body; and the thin drapery reflect continuing Indian influence, here of the Gupta period (A.D. 320–600). The skirt, or dhoti, gathered and loosely tied at the waist, is sculpted into graceful folds and naturalistic curves that reinforce the sense of movement in the body. The necklace, crossed in front and looped around the sides to the back, is crisply carved with individual beads and studded with medallions. The torso is distinguished by its remarkably thick, full body when viewed from the side and by the sharp, precise quality of the carving.