Bronze cross from Assur

Unknown13th or 14th century BCE

Pergamonmuseum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin

Pergamonmuseum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
Berlin, Germany

From the middle of the 2nd millennium BC on, Assyria gradually developed into a territorial power that considered itself the equal of Babylonia to the south. Dating from this same period is a hoard found in the forecourt of the Ashur Temple: a large bronze cross with a gilt rivet and a small bronze cross, two gold pendants and a cylinder seal. During restoration an inscription was discovered on the large cross that explained the significance of the find: “To Kusarikku, son of Shamash [the sun god], his lord, Shamash-Tukulti, son of Eriba-Ashur, the brewer [one of the highest cult officials] from E-shara [the chief temple of the god Ashur] has donated [this] for his life and the well-being of his realm this ‘vestment set’ to Kusarikku, the son of Shamash: Shamash-Tukulti, your servant.” Pictured on the gold plaquette is the bull-man Kusarikku, son of the sun god, a protector against evil. The second gold plaque pictures a ribcage with trachea, apparently a votive gift related to some illness.

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  • Title: Bronze cross from Assur
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: 13th or 14th century BCE
  • Location: Assur, Iraq
  • Physical Dimensions: w20.9 x h20.9 cm
  • Type: Jewellery
  • Medium: Bronze, gold plates
  • Inv. no.: VA 5372
  • ISIL no.: DE-MUS-815718
  • External link: Pergamonmuseum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
  • Collection: Vorderasiatisches Museum, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin