Capital with Addorsed Quadrupeds

late 1100s-early 1200s

The Cleveland Museum of Art

The Cleveland Museum of Art
Cleveland, United States

Monstrous images were prevalent in the decoration of religious buildings during the Middle Ages. Such images must have impressed, perhaps even terrified, the monks and visitors who spent much of their time within the cloister or church, a place of prayer, contemplation, and reflection. Scholars have speculated how such images would have been received by the people given the ubiquity of monsters in medieval society. The carved monsters, often symbolizing vice and retribution for sin, were possibly designed to provoke a range of emotional responses including laughter, wonder, surprise, fear, and shock. This striking imagery must have had a strong impact, which in turn led Saint Bernard of Clairvaux (1090–1153), the spiritual head of the Cistercian order, to admonish their use as distracting from prayer.

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  • Title: Capital with Addorsed Quadrupeds
  • Date Created: late 1100s-early 1200s
  • Physical Dimensions: Overall: 32.7 x 39.4 x 27.7 cm (12 7/8 x 15 1/2 x 10 7/8 in.)
  • Provenance: Mrs. Chauncey J. Blair, Chicago, IL, The Cleveland Museum of Art, Cleveland, OH
  • Type: Sculpture
  • Rights: CC0
  • External Link: https://clevelandart.org/art/1916.1981
  • Medium: limestone
  • Fun Fact: A quadruped is an animal with four feet; the specific animal shown here is unidentified.
  • Department: Medieval Art
  • Culture: Southwest France, Languedoc, Toulouse (?), late 12th to early13th Centuries
  • Credit Line: Gift of the John Huntington Art and Polytechnic Trust
  • Collection: MED - Romanesque
  • Accession Number: 1916.1981

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