In times of common affirmation of modernity, novel forms and materials, as well as in the face of difficulties with acquiring the latter, Polish designers searched for their substitutes. Some of the available resources included metal reinforcing bars that enabled easy shaping of seats and bases according to the current at the time "organic form style". Seats could be then filled with different materials: string, plastic tubes, birch. Czesław Knothe constructed a seat using metal wire, covering the whole thing in black varnish. These "poor" materials served to create an elegant piece of garden furniture that can also be used in the interiors.


  • Title: Chair
  • Creator: Czesław Knothe, Academy of Fine Arts in Warsaw
  • Date: 1955
  • Inv. no.: Wzr.d 925 NMW
  • Type: Furniture
  • Medium: steel rod frame, wire seat, black varnish

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