Christ and a Monk and Two Shepherds

Unknownabout 1270

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

At the top of this miniature, Christ and a monk hold up an abbot's crozier, symbolic of a shepherd's crook. Below on the left, sheep and ar vigilant shepherd and dog represent a good flock. On the right, a slumbering, neglectful keeper and his seated watchdog fail to monitor a herd of bad goats. The only full-page miniature in the manuscript, this frontispiece heralds Hugo de Fouilloy's Treatise On Shepherds And Flocks, a mystical commentary on certain verses of the Roman author Virgil's Ninth Eclogue. The illumination draws its imagery of Christ as a shepherd and the separation of sheep and goats from the Bible. In Hugo's discussion, Christ is a model for an abbot who is shepherd to his monks. The two shepherds depicted represent the qualities of vigilance and neglect.


  • Title: Christ and a Monk and Two Shepherds
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date Created: about 1270
  • Location Created: Thérouanne ?, France (formerly Flanders)
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 19.1 × 14.3 cm (7 1/2 × 5 5/8 in.)
  • Type: Folio
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold leaf, and ink on parchment
  • Terms of Use: Open Content
  • Number: 83.MR.173.46v
  • Culture: Franco-Flemish
  • Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. Ludwig XV 3, fol. 46v
  • Creator Display Name: Unknown
  • Classification: Manuscripts (Documents)

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