Copper statue of Lamma


British Museum

British Museum
London, United Kingdom

The excavator Leonard Woolley found this statue in a hollow wooden box, lying in the courtyard of a shrine. The box may have been a plinth for a limestone statue. Woolley identified the statue as an image of the god Hendursag but it is now known to be the goddess Lamma. The Sumerian term lamma refers to a minor deity who is beneficent and protective. Generally the lamma was anonymous. In art they are depicted in quite consistent form, usually introducing worshippers on cylinder seals. Later the related term lamassu seems to refer to the colossal statues of winged human-headed bulls and lions which guarded the gateways of Assyrian palaces and temples. Lamma is normally shown with one or both hands raised in supplication to a major god. Here her arms are missing. She wears a multiple-horned headdress and a tiered garment either representing a fine, pleated material or a fringed wool imitation of earlier sheepskin garments. The counterweight to her necklace hangs all the way down her back.


  • Title: Copper statue of Lamma
  • Date Created: -2000/-1750
  • Physical Dimensions: Height: 9.84cm; Width: 2.54cm
  • External Link: British Museum collection online
  • Technique: cast
  • Subject: deity
  • Registration number: 1931,1010.275
  • Place: Excavated/Findspot Hendursag Chapel
  • Period/culture: Old Babylonian
  • Material: copper alloy
  • Copyright: Photo: © Trustees of the British Museum
  • Acquisition: Excavated by Woolley, Charles Leonard. Division of Finds Department of Antiquities of Iraq
Google apps