Crochet, unknown in the 18th century, developed in the 19th century into a highly versatile technique. The fact that only a relatively short, hooked needle was needed to produce almost anything from small lace edgings to travelling blankets or coats made it the perfect choice for women who wanted to take their work whereever they happened ot be. Small purses made of covered metal rings were a long-time favourite. Instructions for making them can be found from the 1860s to the early 1930s. The early 20th century was an interesting period in Dutch history. As in other countries, crafts such as weaving, spinning, and embroidery enjoyed a revival in artistic circles. Equally interesting is the role that a few Dutch researchers played in the rediscovery of ancient techniques, such as tablet weaving and sprang. Sprang was a technique referred to as Egyptisch Vlechtwerk (Egyptian Braiding), and developed by Elisabeth Siewertsz van Reesema, whose analysis and reconstruction of the technique was published in several books and taught by Reesema in a Dutch needlework school. The collar and purse shown here are likely Reesema's pattern designs, worked by a student.