Cupboard from the Villa Vrbanić at Josipovac in Zagreb (made in 1910/12 after the design of Viktor Kovačić) was done as a pair with a smaller version, also part of the Museum’s holdings. Both objects are drawn in on the ground plan of the villa in the dining room and are evidence of Kovačić’s integrated approach to architecture and interior decoration. This principle, more than his actual artistic idiom, was what separated Viktor Kovačić from the old postulates and links him to the Art Nouveau period. He was to carry out in practice with a great deal of enthusiasm the ideas that he brought out in the programmatic article Modern Architecture of 1900, shaped on the basis of the postulates of his professor in Vienna, Otto Wagner.
For the design of the cupboard, Kovačić reinterpreted the stylistic and morphological elements of Biedermeier (light veneer with dark classicising details and inlaid stylised wreath and garland), which was a tendency of the time in Art Nouveau idioms of the germanophone region, and at base also represents a reaction from Historicism.
Kovačić worked together with the Vienna interiors studio O. Föhr, and it was possible that the cupboards were ordered from this firm. The way their collaboration worked was that Kovačić would send preliminary approaches for the furniture that they made, or the firm sent him its standard prototypes, that he would then adapt to individual orders and interiors