One of the most influential composers, musicians and writers of the 20th century, John Cage was a pioneer of atonal music and serialism in music. Drawing attention to the fundamental relationship between music and sound, to the processes of creation, and the method of composing and performing by encouraging coincidences, Cage not only influenced music but also every area of avant-garde art in the 1950s and 1960s.

John Cage started his series entitled "Déreau" in 1982. The word “déreau” was formed by bringing together the words “décor” and “Thoreau”. A major literary figure who inspired Cage, both through his attitude and writings about nature and modern life and his political ideas related to civil disobedience, Henry David Thoreau thought that nature and love had spiritual rules and he followed the traces of these rules in his poems, writings and drawings. The series "Déreau" is composed of thirty eight pieces, each one including a pair of prints, with which Cage makes Thoreau’s drawings visible again in their relationship with musical language.


  • Title: Déreau #31
  • Creator: John Cage
  • Date Created: 1982
  • Physical Dimensions: 58.4 × 74.3 × 3.5 cm (framed)
  • Rights: Arter Photo: Hadiye Cangökçe
  • Medium: No. 31 from the 38 engravings with drypoint, aquatint and photo etching; printed in two impressions each

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