D.O.F. (Degrees of Freedom)

Tomás Saraceno2014/2014


Seoul, South Korea

Tomás Saraceno considers this panopticon of the Cold War to be creating a problem of overfocusing: a phenomenon known as a “focusing illusion.” This phenomenon occurs when people place too much importance on one aspect of an event, causing an error in accurately predicting a future outcome. Consequently, Saraceno has manipulated a standard public binoculars in the Peace Observatory, originally fixed and directed towards the DMZ and North Korea, so that it now rotates in all directions. The title of the work comes from degrees of freedom which refers to the multiple degrees of humans or animals performing a movement in order to achieve the same goal. Instead of limiting one’s view to the restricted angle of a political landscape, Saraceno opens it up to the air space above and to the widely varied species of birds and insects in the area, quite naturally unrestricted by borders, fences, and land mines.


  • Title: D.O.F. (Degrees of Freedom)
  • Creator: Tomás Saraceno, Tomás Saraceno
  • Date Created: 2014/2014
  • Physical Dimensions: Size Variable
  • Type: Installation
  • Medium: Custom made binocular
  • 작가 정보: Tomás Saraceno (b. 1973, Argentina) currently lives and works in Berlin. Saraceno studied art and architecture as an undergraduate in Argentina and continued his studies under Thomas Bayrle and Ben van Berkel at the Städelschule in Germany. Saraceno’s work defies traditional notions of space, time, gravity, consciousness, and perception. He employs architectural, social, and communitarian means that are utopian and participatory in nature. Saraceno appeals to the creative faculty of his viewers, involving them in situations and actions that demand ingenuity as well as responsibility. His works have been shown at a variety of museums, including the Bonniers Konsthall in Stockholm (2010), the Hamburger Bahnhof in Berlin (2011), the Metropolitan Museum in New York (2012), the HangarBicocca in Milan (2012), and the K21 in Düsseldorf (2013). He has also participated in major installations at the São Paulo Biennial (2006) and Venice Biennale (2009). In 2009, he was awarded the Calder Prize and Calder Residency. He was Visiting Artist for the Paris Atelier program of Columbia University’s Graduate School of Architecture in 2013.

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