Just before the beginning of the 20th century, French doll makers like Jumeau, Bru, Gaultier, Pintel & Godchaux, and others faced steep competition from German doll manufacturers. These French concern formed the Soci퀌�t퀌� Fran퀌_aise de Fabrication de B퀌�b퀌� & Jouets, (S.F.B.J.) to combine doll-making operations and lower their production costs. S.F.B.J. produced bisque dolls such as Bleuette and Bebe Eden under its own name and continued to produce some dolls under the Jumeau name. S.F.B.J. continued making dolls into the 1960s. Its first products were made of bisque, but later it used composition and plastic for its dolls.