Eugene Ionesco’s “Rhinoceros”, directed by Piotr Pawłowski

Wojciech Plewiński1961

Theatre Institute in Warsaw

Theatre Institute in Warsaw
Warszaw, Poland

Developed by Tadeusz Kantor, designs for the costumes to be used in this production of “Rhinoceros” were an expression of his Tachisme-inspired experiments in painting and theatre. He inserted pieces of artificial stuff covered in tangled lines and spots into tricot forms. Actors performed in wigs; props included stools with streamlined forms and an umbrella with a metal frame and a torn canopy. From the programme for the production of “Rhinoceros”: “[an actor’s individuality] must pervade and give life to this new organism [costume], which is and should be a closest possible union of the living matter of a human body and a stage form”. About working on Ionesco’s play Kantor also wrote: “the costume is an alien creature parasitizing on the human body… growing increasingly independent.”


  • Title: Eugene Ionesco’s “Rhinoceros”, directed by Piotr Pawłowski
  • Creator: Wojciech Plewiński
  • Date: 1961
  • Location: Państwowy Stary Teatr im. Heleny Modrzejewskiej, Kraków

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