Not only is the Frankfurt Nature Museum an exciting place of learning for its visitors, it is also part of the Senckenberg Gesellschaft für Naturforschung (Senckenberg Natural Research Society), one of the most important institutions involved in the exploration of life’s variety – i.e., biodiversity. More than 300 scientists are actively working in ten locations across Germany as well as in numerous international projects around the globe. They explore animals, plants and geology, study ecosystems and the effects of climate change, and are ultimately trying to discover how we can use the Earth as our habitat without destroying it in the process. To this end, they collect and identify animals and plants in the course of classic field work and later study the specimens in the laboratory, using modern technologies. On the basis of the measuring data, final insights can be reached and it is even possible to make predictions regarding the future development of the earth system.