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Extended prong cotter pin brought to the US by a German Jewish refugee

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Extended prong cotter pin brought by Karl Weiler from Nazi Germany to the United States in December 1937. Karl lost his position as an assistant judge in March 1933 when the new Nazi government purged the civil service of Jews and passed a law to that effect April 7 with the first Aryan only qualification clause. Karl rejoined the family agricultural firm in Brakel. Anti-Jewish pressures increased and, in May 1936, the firm’s board of directors was forced to sell the business at a loss to a Nazi approved buyer. In December 1937, Karl left for the US. After the war ended in May 1945, he learned that his parents, Fritz and Ella, had been deported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp in 1942, then in 1944 to Auschwitz killing center where they were murdered. His sister, Mathilde Fodor, had been deported from Budapest, Hungary, in November 1944 to Lichtenworth concentration camp where she died of starvation. Her husband, Joszi, and son, Karoly, survived.

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  • Title: Extended prong cotter pin brought to the US by a German Jewish refugee
  • Location: Germany--Emigration and immigration--Biography. United States--Emigration and immigration--Biography.
  • Provenance: The cotter pin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Judy Gartner and Susan Oberfeld, the daughters of Carl and Mina Kaufmann Weiler.
  • Subject Keywords: Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. Jews--Germany--History--20th century. Jews--Persecutions--Germany--Biography.
  • Type: Tools and Equipment
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Half-round tarnished silver colored metal strips bent into a pinlike shape with uneven flat ends and a circular top. When the cotter pin is inserted through a slot or hole, the ends can be flared to act as a fastener.

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