First Nuremberg Haggadah

Scribe and illustrator: Joel ben Simeonca. 1449

The Israel Museum, Jerusalem

The Israel Museum, Jerusalem
Jerusalem, Israel

Active in both his native Germany and in northern and central Italy – especially in Florence – Joel ben Simeon had a profound influence on the illustration of Hebrew manuscripts. Unlike other scribes and artists, he signed most of his work, and we are able to identify more than a dozen manuscripts he created. This Haggadah, copied for Nathan ben Solomon, is thought to be the first and therefore represents his style while still a young man.

Credit: Gift of Erica Jesselson and the Jesselson family, to American Friends of the Israel Museum, in honor of Teddy Kollek's 90th birthday


  • Title: First Nuremberg Haggadah
  • Creator: Scribe and illustrator: Joel ben Simeon
  • Date Created: ca. 1449
  • Location: Southern Germany
  • Type: Manuscript
  • Rights: The Israel Museum, Jerusalem, Photo © Israel Museum, Jerusalem, by Ardon Bar Hama Digital photography funded by George S. Blumenthal, New York
  • External Link: Israel Museum, Jerusalem
  • Medium: Handwritten on parchment; ink and watercolor; square and semi-cursive Ashkenazic script
  • Dimensions: H: 27; W: 19 cm
  • Curator: Raccah-Djivre, Daisy; Nizza, Anna


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