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Gold and blue enamel Masonic medal with the compass and square emblem owned by a Jewish Hungarian emigre

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Square and compass Masonic medal that originally belonged to Armin Veres, born Roth. It was possibly a sign of office for a Senior Deacon in the Galilei Freemason Lodge in Budapest, Hungary. Armin, a lawyer, lived in Budapest with his family. On March 19, 1944, Nazi Germany occupied Hungary and antisemitic laws went into effect. The apartments of many Jews were confiscated and several family members moved in with Armin and his wife, Sari. By June 23, all Jews were forced to move into segregated yellow star buildings and they moved in with a family friend. In November, Armin and Sari were sent to the ghetto, and their children went into hiding. The Soviet Army liberated Pest on January 14, 1945, and Armin and Sari were reunited with their family. Armin died April 1, 1945. The collar was brought to the United States by his son, George, when he emigrated in March 1949.

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Details

  • Title: Gold and blue enamel Masonic medal with the compass and square emblem owned by a Jewish Hungarian emigre
  • Provenance: The Masonic medal was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2010 by Peter Veres.
  • Subject Keywords: Freemasonry--Hungary--20th century. Hidden children (Holocaust)--Hungary--Budapest--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Hungary--Personal narratives. Jewish families--Hungary--Budapest--Biography. Jews--Persecutions--Hungary.
  • Type: Awards
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Gold colored circular open wreath embossed with laurel leaves and a bow hooked to a dark blue enameled triangular badge. The triangle is engraved with text and a year. Attached to the center are 2 hinged spiked legs that resemble a compass pointing downward; they intersect a V shaped squaring tool open at a 90 degree angle. A gold colored suspension ring is attached to a suspension ring on the triangle. The square and compass is the emblem of the Freemason, and may represent signs of office, referred to as Jewels.

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