Square and compass Masonic medal that originally belonged to Armin Veres, born Roth. It was possibly a sign of office for a Senior Deacon in the Galilei Freemason Lodge in Budapest, Hungary. Armin, a lawyer, lived in Budapest with his family. On March 19, 1944, Nazi Germany occupied Hungary and antisemitic laws went into effect. The apartments of many Jews were confiscated and several family members moved in with Armin and his wife, Sari. By June 23, all Jews were forced to move into segregated yellow star buildings and they moved in with a family friend. In November, Armin and Sari were sent to the ghetto, and their children went into hiding. The Soviet Army liberated Pest on January 14, 1945, and Armin and Sari were reunited with their family. Armin died April 1, 1945. The collar was brought to the United States by his son, George, when he emigrated in March 1949.