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Great Britain, 1 pound note, acquired by a US soldier 2013.442.35 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

British 1 pound note, an emergency wartime issue, acquired by Captain James (Jim) Edward Kirkebo, who served in the US Army from 1940-1945, and fought in Europe with the Thunderbolt Division from December 1944-May 1945. This note was issued to increase security of the currency. The colors were changed and metal security thread in the paper. Kirkebo, 19, enlisted in 1940 and, in August 1942, 2nd Lt. Kirkebo became commanding officer, C Company, 21st Armored Infantry Battalion, 11th Armored Division. In December 1944, Kirkebo's unit landed in Normandy, defended Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, and spearheaded the Allied advance into Germany. Kirkebo received a battlefield promotion to captain on February 1, 1945. On May 5 and 6, soldiers from the 11th Armored liberated Gusen and Mauthausen concentration camps. At Mauthausen, the unit was tasked with caring for 19,000 starving inmates. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered. Kirkebo was awarded a Silver Star and 3 Bronze Stars for his leadership and heroism in action.

British 1 pound note, an emergency wartime issue, acquired by Captain James (Jim) Edward Kirkebo, who served in the US Army from 1940-1945, and fought in Europe with the Thunderbolt Division from December 1944-May 1945. This note was issued to increase security of the currency. The colors were changed and metal security thread in the paper. Kirkebo, 19, enlisted in 1940 and, in August 1942, 2nd Lt. Kirkebo became commanding officer, C Company, 21st Armored Infantry Battalion, 11th Armored Division. In December 1944, Kirkebo's unit landed in Normandy, defended Bastogne during the Battle of the Bulge, and spearheaded the Allied advance into Germany. Kirkebo received a battlefield promotion to captain on February 1, 1945. On May 5 and 6, soldiers from the 11th Armored liberated Gusen and Mauthausen concentration camps. At Mauthausen, the unit was tasked with caring for 19,000 starving inmates. On May 7, 1945, Germany surrendered. Kirkebo was awarded a Silver Star and 3 Bronze Stars for his leadership and heroism in action.

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Details

  • Title: Great Britain, 1 pound note, acquired by a US soldier 2013.442.35 front
  • Provenance: The currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Jamie Kirkebo, on behalf of the Estate of his father, James Edward Kirkebo., The currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2013 by Jamie Kirkebo, on behalf of the Estate of his father, James Edward Kirkebo.
  • Subject Keywords: Soldiers--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Western Front--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American., Soldiers--United States--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Campaigns--Western Front--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Personal narratives, American.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular 1 pound bank note on metal thread security paper with pale blue designs on an orange geometric patterned background. Across the face are 3 medallions: on the left, a seated Britannia with scepter, center, 3 lines of English text above the denomination One, and right, the denomination 1. The serial number in red is on the upper right and lower left. Along the bottom is a narrow rectangle with the denomination One on the left, a white circle with a watermarked image of a helmeted woman, and English text. The reverse has an orange image of the collonaded south front of the Bank of England above 2 orange medallions with St. George on horseback slaying a dragon with a blue background of swirling foliage. The note is creased and stained., Rectangular 1 pound bank note on metal thread security paper with pale blue designs on an orange geometric patterned background. Across the face are 3 medallions: on the left, a seated Britannia with scepter, center, 3 lines of English text above the denomination One, and right, the denomination 1. The serial number in red is on the upper right and lower left. Along the bottom is a narrow rectangle with the denomination One on the left, a white circle with a watermarked image of a helmeted woman, and English text. The reverse has an orange image of the collonaded south front of the Bank of England above 2 orange medallions with St. George on horseback slaying a dragon with a blue background of swirling foliage. The note is creased and stained.

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