Title: Harada Jyukichi, a Brave Soldier Defeated immense enemies by climbing over the wall of the Northern Gate (Harada Jyukichi no yūkan arigen bumon no jyoheki motte yaburu tekigun)
Date Created: Meiji Period, dated 1894
Physical Dimensions: w30 x h16.0625 in
Label Text: On September 15, The Japanese Army, some 10,000 strong, under the command of Marshal Yamagata Aritomo (1838-1922) met the Chinese Army led by General Deng Shichang (1849-1894), which outnumbered the Japanese by at least 3000 soldiers. The Japanese army outmaneuvered the Chinese, forcing them to surrender within a few hours. Heavy rain, however, allowed for a majority of the Chinese forces to escape unnoticed to the border town of Uiju on the Yalu River.
The battle was a disaster for the Chinese, suffering some 2000 casualties, including General Deng Shichang, and 4000 wounded soldiers, compared to 102 casualties on the Japanese side, 433 wounded and 33 missing.
Another hero emerged from the battle, Harada Jūkichi. He climbed over the city walls and opened the Hyonmu gate. The Fall of Pyongyang is one of the top military accomplishments of the war. For his bravery Harada was awarded the Order of the Golden Kite, one of Japan’s highest decorations. Harada’s story is one of the sad ones, for he became an alcoholic and spent the rest of his life in a theatrical troop reenacting his bravery.
Einen was most likely the pseudonym of a known printmaker, for only depictions of this conflict are known to exist.
Rights: Metropolitan Museum and Art Center Collection, Anonymous gift
Medium: Tryptich woodblock print, ink and colors on paper
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