Head of Frederick II

Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Rome1220/1250

British Museum

British Museum
London, United Kingdom

Frederick is portrayed here in a classical-style bust that suggests he is a direct successor to the ancient Roman emperors. The image is idealised, carefully conveying youth, intelligence and authority.
Growing up in multicultural Palermo, Frederick was fluent in Arabic, Latin, Greek, German, French and Sicilian. He corresponded with the greatest scholars of the time, both in Christian Europe and the Islamic world.


  • Title: Head of Frederick II
  • Creator: Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Rome
  • Date Created: 1220/1250
  • Medium: marble
  • Copyright: H. Behrens, DAI Rom

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