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HUNGARIA TOUR stickpin owned by a German Jewish businessman in Shanghai

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Decorative stickpin that belonged to Fritz Kauffmann, a German Jewish businessman, who lived in Shanghai, China, from 1931-1949. He was active in Jewish community aid efforts before and during World War II. In 1940, because of Nazi politics and the outbreak of war, he resigned from the German firm for which he worked and opened his own import/export business. He was deprived of his German citizenship in 1941 for being Jewish and living abroad. However, as a longtime resident and successful businessman in Shanghai, he was able to surmount wartime difficulties and assist the more recent Jewish refugees who fled to Shanghai to escape persecution and the war in Europe.

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Details

  • Title: HUNGARIA TOUR stickpin owned by a German Jewish businessman in Shanghai
  • Provenance: The stickpin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Ronnie Leibowitz, executor, on behalf of the Estate of Adelaide Kauffmann.
  • Subject Keywords: Jews--China--Shanghai--Biography. Jews--Sports--History--20th century. World War, 1939-1945--China--Shanghai.
  • Type: Jewelry
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Gold colored copper alloy stickpin with circular enamel decoration outlined with a wreath. At the center bottom is a rectangle with a red, white, and green vertical stripe, possibly the Hungarian flag. Inside the wreath is a white ring with a black center, and a gold colored horse head and neck. There is an inscription on the white ring.

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