This incense case is a representative ware in Kumamoto of Higo province. It is called Yatsushiro ware, or Kōda ware which derived from its place name where the kiln was opened. The kiln had been patronized by the Kumamoto domain, producing excellent utensils under the lead of Hosokawa Sansai who was both a daimyo (feudal lord) and a master of tea ceremony. The inlay technique is the feature of the Yatsushiro ware. The pattern is created by filling white slip into the grooves that are incised on the formed clay with a spatula before putting it on fire. The freely expressive patterns show the characteristic of the mid-Edo period. The shape of this incense case is a vertically long rectangle. The lid is constructed in Inrobuta style, with the sides of the lid fitting over the riser on the container. It depicts the yin-yan design of Chinese bellflowers on the top surface of the lid. While on the body, it depicts two horses on one of the wide sides, a raftsman on the other and identical grass patterns on the narrow sides.