Dances that refer to historical events are a widespread feature of fiestas in Mexico and Guatemala. This mask alludes to a battle near the city of Puebla on May 5, 1862. Although the Mexican forces were outnumbered by the invading French, Mexico triumphed. Subsequent events gave France a temporary advantage. Popular accounts of the Battle of Puebla (the Battle of the Fifth of May) credit indigenous peoples with Mexico's success, a role that modern historians often dispute. This battle inspired today's Cinco de Mayo celebrations.