Interior of a Peasant House

Tuculescu, Ioncca. 1950

Muzeul Național Brukenthal

Muzeul Național Brukenthal

Folk art is re-invented and the images have a new meaning, they have individuality. The chromatic, rich, bright, provocative, a sign of the objective reality dominated by passion is, in itself a ritual, an incantation, something out of the ordinary, something which takes us beyond the visible, towards a world of universal spirituality. As in Interior of a Peasant House, following the naturalistic pattern of reading the image, ?uculescu gives a new expressive function to the folkloric decorative motif which, in turn, causes a new plastic configuration.

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  • Title: Interior of a Peasant House
  • Creator: Tuculescu, Ion
  • Date Created: cca. 1950
  • Physical Dimensions: w52 x h62 cm (Without frame)
  • Artist Biography: Ion Țuculescu was one of the most moving and energetic artistic temperaments of the first half of the 20th century. In his creation, the artist tried to comprise the profound essences of human existence and, all his life, he oscillated between his passion for art and his passion for science, trying to blend them. Țuculescu had a degree in Nature Studies and was also a medical doctor. Although he never studied art, his complex and original creation has a well deserved place in Romanian art. He visited Paris and Zürich at a time when artistic life was going through the experiments of surrealism and late abstractionism, but it was mostly in museums and exhibitions that he found revelation: Van Gogh’s vision will influence him in the next stage of creation. He also found inspiration in Romanian folk art – as had many artists active in the fourth and in the fifth decades of the 20th century. He was especially inspired by the rugs woven in Oltenia. Later, in another stage of creation, African totems inspired him in the creation of works which were an original, spectacular, dramatic synthesys with touches of lyrical abstractionism. Personal impulses make him follow the course of European modernity, make him pry into the depth of folk art and make him try to dig deep down to reach that common layer of archaic culture. Uncoding the ancient motifs of the traditional rugs from Oltenia, of the pottery and of glass painting, Țuculescu re-creates the cosmic cycles. His paintings depicting peasants homes are a prelude to the “folkloric stage” of his creation. They were first displayed in 1943 in an exhibition. Starting with the privacy of the rural homes, with their traditional decorative motifs, the artist bursts into a rhythm of shapes and colors, a veritable explosion of vitality. In search of the “divine mystery” the artist invokes magic eyes, totems, souls in the shape of birds spirits, pillars of the dead, dolls, people in the shape of clay figurines.
  • Provenance: Brukenthal National Museum
  • Type: painting
  • Medium: oil on canvas