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Italy Ministry of the Treasury paper currency, 1 lire note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter 2004.323.3 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Italian 1 lire bank note acquired by Dixie Foster when she worked as a civilian court reporter during the US War Crimes Tribunal at the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany, also known as the Dachau war crimes trials. The trials were conducted in the American postwar occupation zone by the US Army from November 1945 to August 1948. The Kingdom of Italy had a Fascist government from 1922-1943, led by Benito Mussolini. It was closely allied with Nazi Germany and lost control of most of the country in 1943. This currency was issued in 1944 by the provisional government established with Allied support in the non-Fascist region. Not long after the war ended on May 7, 1945, a constitutional referendum was held in June 1946 and Italy abolished the monarchy and became a republic.

Italian 1 lire bank note acquired by Dixie Foster when she worked as a civilian court reporter during the US War Crimes Tribunal at the former Dachau concentration camp in Germany, also known as the Dachau war crimes trials. The trials were conducted in the American postwar occupation zone by the US Army from November 1945 to August 1948. The Kingdom of Italy had a Fascist government from 1922-1943, led by Benito Mussolini. It was closely allied with Nazi Germany and lost control of most of the country in 1943. This currency was issued in 1944 by the provisional government established with Allied support in the non-Fascist region. Not long after the war ended on May 7, 1945, a constitutional referendum was held in June 1946 and Italy abolished the monarchy and became a republic.

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Details

  • Title: Italy Ministry of the Treasury paper currency, 1 lire note, acquired by a war crimes trials court reporter 2004.323.3 front
  • Provenance: The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Gretchen Davenport, the great-niece of Dixie Foster., The paper currency was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Gretchen Davenport, the great-niece of Dixie Foster.
  • Subject Keywords: Dachau Trial, Dachau, Germany, 1946. Law reporters--Germany--Biography. Paper money--Italy--History. War crime trials--Germany--Dachau., Dachau Trial, Dachau, Germany, 1946. Law reporters--Germany--Biography. Paper money--Italy--History. War crime trials--Germany--Dachau.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular, offwhite paper currency. The face has an offcenter graphic design in brown ink on a pink background. On the left is a medallion with the left profile portrait of a crowned woman, Italia, bordered by Italian text and framed by scrollwork with rosettes. On the right is Italian text, a small medallion with the numeric denomination 1, engraved signatures, and repeating series and serial numbers in black ink. The back has a graphic background design in green ink with a geometric border. The center has an irregular rectangle with a central oval with Italian text and scrollwork intertwined with a circle on either side; the circles have the numeric denomination 1 interlaced with the letter L. On the upper and lower center are rectangles with text. On the right border is printing information. The currency does not appear to have been circulated., Rectangular, offwhite paper currency. The face has an offcenter graphic design in brown ink on a pink background. On the left is a medallion with the left profile portrait of a crowned woman, Italia, bordered by Italian text and framed by scrollwork with rosettes. On the right is Italian text, a small medallion with the numeric denomination 1, engraved signatures, and repeating series and serial numbers in black ink. The back has a graphic background design in green ink with a geometric border. The center has an irregular rectangle with a central oval with Italian text and scrollwork intertwined with a circle on either side; the circles have the numeric denomination 1 interlaced with the letter L. On the upper and lower center are rectangles with text. On the right border is printing information. The currency does not appear to have been circulated.

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