Jambhala, Inscribed

ca. 10th century C.E.

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Indian Museum, Kolkata

Jambhala is the Buddhist counterpart of Kubera, the Hindu god of wealth and like him presides over the domain of riches. Like Kubera he seems to have been originally a yaksha. As the bestower of riches he is very popular among the Buddhists. Usually, he is presented as having one face and two hands, the right holding a citron(bijapura)and the left a mongoose(nakula)vomiting jewels. Pots of jewels are also mentioned in connection with such description. The two-armed potbellied figure is seated inlalitasanaon a double petal lotus placed over a high pedestal, which is inscribed in thebhaikshukiscript. The right leg is placed on seven upturned pots pouring out corn. The figure displays thevarada mudraby the right hand and in the left, holds a mongoose vomiting pearls. Two figures ofDhyaniBuddha Akshobhya are placed on either side of the deity. The stele of this eleventh-century sculpture has designed edges and two upturned pots pouring out corn.

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  • Title: Jambhala, Inscribed
  • Date: ca. 10th century C.E.
  • Location: Indian Museum, Kolkata
  • Physical Dimensions: Basalt, 50.5x25.7x10.2cm.
  • Provenance: Bihar, India.
  • Type: Sclupture


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