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Jewish Relief Unit blue, white, and yellow Star of David pin worn by a German Jewish nurse working in the Bergen-Belsen DP camp

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Jewish Relief Unit pin worn by Alice Redlich while she served as a nurse at the displaced persons camp established in the former concentration camp in Germany after the war. The British army liberated Bergen-Belsen on April 15, 1945, and it then became a DP camp. Alice and her family were German Jews living in Berlin during the rise of the Nazi dictatorship. In 1938, 18 year old Alice left for England to continue her nurse's training. She volunteered with the Jewish Committee for Relief Abroad and, in September 1946, she left for the Bergen-Belsen displaced persons camp to care for children and young women. Her mother, father, brother, and grandmother were all murdered in Auschwitz. She met and married Hans Finke, a fellow German Jewish relief worker, at the camp in 1948. Hans had been a prisoner of Monowitz, Auschwitz, Sachsenhausen, Flossenberg, and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps. His parents were murdered in Auschwitz and his sister survived in hiding. Hans was at Bergen-Belsen when it was liberated by the British Army on April 15, 1945. An electrician by trade, he began working for the British and then various aid groups after it became a displaced persons camp.

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Details

  • Title: Jewish Relief Unit blue, white, and yellow Star of David pin worn by a German Jewish nurse working in the Bergen-Belsen DP camp
  • Provenance: The JRU pin was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2005 by Alice Fink, the wife of John Fink.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camp inmates--Biography. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Germany--Personal narratives. Holocaust survivors--United States--Biography. Jewish refugees--United States--Biography. Nurses--Great Britain--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Civilian relief--Germany--Belsen--Personal narratives. World War, 1939-1945--Concentration camps--Liberation--Germany--Belsen--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Bronze plated metal pin formed from 2 intertwined white and blue enameled triangles with a yellow Star of David in the center. The points of the yellow star have cutout triangles, but the center is solid, with 3 raised letters, JRU, inlaid with white paint in the center. There is a straight metal clasp pin on the back.

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