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Joodsche Raad [Jewish Council] armband worn by a German Jew working in Westerbork transit camp

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Joosche Raad (Jewish Council) stencilled white cloth armband worn by 22 year old Eric Zielenziger while he was working in Westerbork transit camp in the Netherlands from December 1942 to March 1943. He worked on behalf of the emigration department of the Amsterdam Joodsche Raad [Jewish Council] and traveled between the city and the camp. In March, German authorities told Eric he would no longer be able to travel between the two and Eric decided to stay in Amsterdam. In September 1943, Eric’s parents, Kurt and Lilly, were arrested and sent to Westerbork. That October, Eric went into hiding in the home of Frits and Jacoba Blom. The winter of 1944 was the Great Hunger. The Bloms had no food to spare so, in December 1944, Eric moved into hiding with family friends, Arthur and Grete Connor. On May 5, 1945, Amsterdam was liberated by Canadian forces. After the war, Eric learned that Kurt died in Bergen-Belsen in July 1944. Lilly had been liberated in April by the Soviet Army on the Lost Train en route to Theresienstadt. but died In May of typhoid fever. In 1977, Jacoba and Frits Blom were recognized as Righteous Among the Nations by Yad Vashem.

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Details

  • Title: Joodsche Raad [Jewish Council] armband worn by a German Jew working in Westerbork transit camp
  • Provenance: The armband was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2004 by Eric Zielenziger.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Netherlands--Amsterdam--Personal narratives. Jewish refugees--Netherlands--Biography. Righteous Gentiles in the Holocaust--Netherlands--Amsterdam. World War, 1939-1945--Jews--Rescue--Netherlands--Amsterdam--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Rectangular offwhite cloth armband stained light brown with a number and large initials stenciled in black ink on the front center. On the left and right of center is a vertical fold with two sets of 2 circular punch holes near the upper and lower edges. There are 3 Dutch addresses stamped in black ink surrounding the initials. Near the right fold are handwritten numbers and near the right edge is a brown colored metal staple. The edges are hemmed in offwhite thread and there are multiple tears. It may have been pinned on when worn, rather than sewn together on the short ends.

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