Jupiter (?); Zodiacal Sign of Scorpio

Unknownprobably 1170s

The J. Paul Getty Museum

The J. Paul Getty Museum
Los Angeles, United States

Jupiter, the most powerful of the Roman gods, may be the figure in bust form who heralds the month of November at the top of the page. The zodiacal sign for the month is Scorpio. In addition to the saints celebrated throughout the Christian medieval world, calendar pages also indicated the feast days of local saints. The name of Saint Bernward, the bishop of Hildesheim who founded the monastery of Saint Michael in 1010, appears just below the zodiac medallion in large capital letters.


  • Title: Jupiter (?); Zodiacal Sign of Scorpio
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date: probably 1170s
  • Location Created: Hildesheim, Germany
  • Physical Dimensions: Leaf: 28.2 x 18.9 cm (11 1/8 x 7 7/16 in.)
  • External Link: Find out more about this object on the Museum website.
  • Medium: Tempera colors, gold leaf, silver leaf, and ink on parchment
  • Source Credit Line: The J. Paul Getty Museum, Los Angeles, Ms. 64, fol. 8v
  • Object Type: Folio
  • Object Status: Permanent Collection
  • Number: Ms. 64, fol. 8v
  • Department: Manuscripts
  • Culture and Date: German, probably 1170s
  • Culture: German
  • Classification: Manuscripts

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