1215 – 1294
Khubilai Khan is ranked just after Chinggis Khan as the most famous Mongolian king. He continued the war that his ancestors had begun and fought against the southern Chinese. During Khubilai Khan’s time, almost all eastern countries except Japan were held by the Mongolian Empire, and the Mongolians’ reputation became ... ... famous throughout Eurasia. The influence of Kharkhorum, the previous capital, gradually weakened after Khubilai Khan moved his capital to Daidu (current day Beijing) in 1264. He adopted the Pags-pa script, a square alphabet created by Pagva Lama Lodoijamts, which was used for state affairs until 1368. Researchers agree that Khubilai was the most educated of the kings. He ruled the Yuan Dynasty for 34 years and died in 1294. The kings who ruled after Khubilai could not stop the state crisis that developed after his death. As a result of a rebellion by Chinese farmers in 1368, which chased Togoontumur Khan out of China, the Yuan Dynasty collapsed.