From 1584 to 1602, the Italian Jesuit priest Matteo Ricci (1552-1610) drew many world maps in China that incorporated Chinese characters. This is Ricci’s third map 'Kunyu wanguo quan tu', it was presented to the Wanli Emperor, who ordered the craftsman to convert it into a screen. Ricci’s maps were later copied in Hangzhou, and some of them were taken to Japan after 1607. The maps attracted widespread interest and admiration from Japan's ruling class. Reproductions were quickly made, some in the form of scrolls, albums of paintings or calligraphy, and others framed as screens.