The mechanical Christmas mountain by Max Vogel (1867– 1943), reconstructed by Karl-Heinz Fischer (born 1952), is the only one of its kind to be found in a museum outside the Erzgebirge region in eastern Germany. 328 figures, many of them moveable, are distributed across a length of 12 m. A staged landscape with buildings and figures placed before a painted backdrop provides an impressive setting for the following biblical scenes:
1. Annunciation to Mary by the Archangel Gabriel; 2. Birth of Christ (Ill. Cat. III.101 (2)); 3. Annunciation to the shepherds; 4. King Herod; 5. The Magi; 6. An angel appears to Joseph in a dream/Flight to Egypt; 7. Murder of the innocents in Bethlehem; 8. Twelve-year old Jesus at the temple; 9. Portrayal of the Mother of God with child; 10. Baptism of Jesus; 11. Jairus’ daughter is raised from the dead; 12. Jesus the good shepherd (Ill.Cat.III.101(12));
13. Jesus and the Samaritan woman at Jacob’s Well; 15. Sermon on the Mount (Ill. Cat. III.101 (15)); 16. Tripartite temple pyramid (showing Jesus with angels and the twelve apostles); 17. A blind man (The blind man near Jericho); 18. Entry into Jerusalem; 19. The Last Supper; 20. Jesus in the garden of Gethsemane: Mount of Olives; 21. Jesus carrying the cross; 22. Crucifixion; 23. Resurrection (Ill. Cat. III.101 (23)); 24. Jesus on the way to Emmaus.


  • Title: Mechanical Christmas mountain
  • Creator: Unknown
  • Date: started around 1885, redesigned 1987–95
  • Location: Neuwürschnitz, Germany
  • Physical Dimensions: w12 x h2,2 x d1,25 m
  • Type: Object
  • Medium: combination of diverse materials
  • Inv.-No.: N (31 Q) 384/1999,1
  • ISIL-No.: DE-MUS-018719
  • External Link: Museum Europäischer Kulturen, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin
  • Copyright: Text: © Koehler & Amelang Verlag in der Seemann Henschel GmbH & Co. KG / Museum Euopäischer Kulturen, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / und die Autoren Photo: © Museum Euopäischer Kulturen, Staatliche Museen zu Berlin / Ute Franz-Scarciglia

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