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Metal badge with the Croatian letter Ž to identify a Croatian Jew

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
Washington, United States

Jewish identification badge with a Z for Zidov (Jew) that Alfred Grunhut was forced to wear in Zagreb, Croatia, from 1941-1945. Grunhut was a well known cabaret and theater actor. He survived the Holocaust despite the zealous persecutions of Jews by the independent state of Croatia. This government was run by the fascist Croatian organization, Ustasa, whose rule was endorsed by the Germans after they partitioned Yugoslavia in April 1941. By May, the Jews of Zagreb had to register at the community center and wear badges. There were frequent deportations to the concentration camps established by the Ustasa. Miroslava Babic was the Grunhut's live-in maid before and during World War II.

Details

  • Title: Metal badge with the Croatian letter Ž to identify a Croatian Jew
  • Location: Yugoslavia--History--Axis occupation, 1941-1945.
  • Provenance: The Jewish badge was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2006 by Miroslava Babic.
  • Subject Keywords: Jews--Croatia--Zagreb--Histroy--20th century. Jews--Persecutions--Croatia--Zagreb. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Croatia--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Identifying Artifacts
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Circular aluminum badge with a yellow painted background and a black Z in the center. The back is silver and has a tension pin.

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