Metal tag identifying him as a Jew issued to Arie Kadar, when he volunteered for a Palestinian Jewish unit affiliated with the British Army in 1939. Arie had emigrated from Mindszent, Hungary, to Palestine, before 1939. He joined the PNR, a Palestinian Jewish battalion affiliated with the British Army, and was captured by the Germans in 1939 in North Africa. He was held as a prisoner-of-war from 1939-1945, from 1941 in Stalag XVIII in Austria. Nearly his entire family in Hungary was murdered during the Holocaust. His young cousin, Eva Biro, survived in hiding in Budapest. After the war ended in May 1945, Arie returned to Palestine and was discharged from the Jewish Brigade in January 1946.