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Military uniform patch with the Polish eagle and a castle worn by a Jewish medical officer in the 2nd Polish Corps

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Uniform patch with a Polish eagle issued to Dr. Edmund Lusthaus when he served in the 2nd Polish Corps from 1941-1945. When Germany invaded Poland on September 1, 1939, Lusthaus was drafted into the Polish Army. Seventeen days later, the Soviet army invaded from the east. Lusthaus was captured and transported to a camp for Polish prisoners of war in Novosibirsk, Siberia, where he served as a physician. When Germany invaded the Soviet Union in June 1941, the Russians released the Polish prisoners of war to join the fighting. Lusthaus joined Anders Army, under the command of the Polish General Wladyslaw Anders. This army, the Polish Armed Forces in the Soviet Union, was the Polish army-in-exile organized in 1941-42. It later became a unit in the British Armed Forces, the 2nd Polish Corps. Lusthaus served throughout the Middle East, including Iran, Iraq, Palestine, and Egypt. He was in Italy when the war ended and was able to locate and bring his wife and daughter, who had lived through the war in Poland with false identities, to join him in to Ancona.

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  • Title: Military uniform patch with the Polish eagle and a castle worn by a Jewish medical officer in the 2nd Polish Corps
  • Location: Poland--Armed Forces--History--World War, 1939-1945.
  • Provenance: The 2nd Polish Corps patch was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 2009 by Elizabeth Lusthaus Strassburger, the daughter of Dr. Edmund Lusthaus.
  • Subject Keywords: Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Poland--Personal narratives. Jewish soldiers--Poland--Biography. Medicine, Military--Poland--Biography. Prisoners of war--Siberia (Russia)--Biography. World War, 1939-1945--Participation, Jewish.
  • Type: Military Insignia
  • Rights: Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Shield-shaped blue military patch with an embroidered white outline and a beige canvas back. In the center is an embroidered white castle with 3 turrets; in the center of the middle turret is a white embroidered Polish eagle.

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