Banga, or mill, is a tool to peel or grind grains into powder, and is also called bangae. It is made mostly of wood or stone, and there are also those made of earth or pottery. The mill originated from galdol, or grinding stone. Galdol, dolhwak, millstone, tomae, and yeonjamae are operated by a horse or ox to grind or peel grains placed on the lower part by rotating the upper part, but a banga works by smashing its contents with a pestle that falls from the top using a mechanism such as a waterwheel, mortar, treadmill, or water mill. It is comprised of a large, round wooden bowl supported by a rectangular prop. The lower center of the prop is carved out to serve as legs, and the center of the bowl has a circular hollow to fit a conical dolhwak, or stone mortar. The pestle was generally cylindrical in form and the handle was carved out to be thinner.