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Mittelbau Arbeitslager token, .10 Reichsmark, issued to a Czech Jewish prisoner 1989.303.30 front

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

United States Holocaust Memorial Museum

Mittelbau labor camp token, value .10 mark, issued to Karel Bruml while an inmate at Dora-Mittelbau / Nordhausen concentration camp in spring 1945. The coupons could sometimes be exchanged for food rations. Non-Jews could use them for brothel visits.Karel was from Prague which was annexed by Germany in March 1939. On December 10, 1941, Karel, his parents, Jindrich and Irma, his siblings, Anna and Otto, and Otto’s wife Irma were transported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. Karel was assigned to work in the technical department. On October 26, 1942, Karel’s parents and sister were selected for deportation and Karel volunteered to go with them. They were sent to Auschwitz. Karel was then force marched to Buna. He moved building materials until reassigned. In early 1945, Karel was transferred to Gleiwitz, Nordhausen, and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps. On April 15, Bergen-Belsen was liberated by British soldiers. Karel returned to Prague after the war ended in early May. He learned that most of his family had perished. He met Hana Schiff Suk, who had survived Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, and Kudowa-Sackisch. They both left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

Mittelbau labor camp token, value .10 mark, issued to Karel Bruml while an inmate at Dora-Mittelbau / Nordhausen concentration camp in spring 1945. The coupons could sometimes be exchanged for food rations. Non-Jews could use them for brothel visits.Karel was from Prague which was annexed by Germany in March 1939. On December 10, 1941, Karel, his parents, Jindrich and Irma, his siblings, Anna and Otto, and Otto’s wife Irma were transported to Theresienstadt ghetto-labor camp. Karel was assigned to work in the technical department. On October 26, 1942, Karel’s parents and sister were selected for deportation and Karel volunteered to go with them. They were sent to Auschwitz. Karel was then force marched to Buna. He moved building materials until reassigned. In early 1945, Karel was transferred to Gleiwitz, Nordhausen, and Bergen-Belsen concentration camps. On April 15, Bergen-Belsen was liberated by British soldiers. Karel returned to Prague after the war ended in early May. He learned that most of his family had perished. He met Hana Schiff Suk, who had survived Theresienstadt, Auschwitz, and Kudowa-Sackisch. They both left for the United States in 1946, where they married.

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Details

  • Title: Mittelbau Arbeitslager token, .10 Reichsmark, issued to a Czech Jewish prisoner 1989.303.30 front
  • Provenance: The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by Charles and Hana Bruml., The scrip was donated to the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum in 1989 by Charles and Hana Bruml.
  • Subject Keywords: Concentration camp inmates as artists--Czech Republic--Terezin (Ustecky kraj--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Czech Republic--Terezin (Ustecky kraj--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Germany--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Poland--Biography. Holocaust survivors--United States. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czech Republic--Personal narratives. World War,1939-1945--Conscript labor--Personal narratives., Concentration camp inmates as artists--Czech Republic--Terezin (Ustecky kraj--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Czech Republic--Terezin (Ustecky kraj--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Germany--Biography. Concentration camp inmates--Poland--Biography. Holocaust survivors--United States. Holocaust, Jewish (1939-1945)--Czech Republic--Personal narratives. World War,1939-1945--Conscript labor--Personal narratives.
  • Type: Exchange Media, Exchange Media
  • Rights: Permanent Collection, Permanent Collection
  • External Link: See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum, See the full record at the United States Holocaust Memorial Museum
  • Medium: Small, square, paper token in green ink. The camp name, series letter, and denomination RM .10 are printed within a geometric design upon a background of closely spaced vertical lines. On the back is a block of German text and the serial number. It is very creased, torn, and soiled., Small, square, paper token in green ink. The camp name, series letter, and denomination RM .10 are printed within a geometric design upon a background of closely spaced vertical lines. On the back is a block of German text and the serial number. It is very creased, torn, and soiled.

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