The root of the monkey fruit is a strong
laxative when eaten, but can also be turned into a paste and used as a poultice for skin
ailments. The bark is used to treat headaches. The fruits and male flowers are
eaten raw, boiled, steamed or roasted.
The tree is also valued for its hard,
termite-resistant timber that is used for everything from firewood to heavy
construction. The wood and roots yield a useful dye and the sticky latex sap
has a variety of uses. In Nepal the leaves are fed to lactating animals due to
their high protein content.
Drawings of Indian plants and trees later named at the Royal Botanical Gardens Kew